the factory is fined for discharging dangerous chemicals into the river

Câu hỏi:

20/03/2020 63,497

Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet đồ sộ indicate the word(s) CLOSEST in meaning to the underlined word (s) in each of the following questions.

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Question 17: The factory is fined for discharging dangerous chemicals into the river.

A. releasing

Đáp án chủ yếu xác

Đáp án A

Từ đồng nghĩa

Tạm dịch: Nhà máy bị trị vì thế thải hóa hóa học nguy hại xuống sông.

=> discharge /dɪs'tɑ:dʒ/ (v): thải

A. release (v): phóng quí, thải                              B. increase (v): tăng

C. decrease (v): hạn chế                                             D. keep (v): giữ

=> Đáp án A (release = discharge)

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CÂU HỎI HOT CÙNG CHỦ ĐỀ

Câu 1:

Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet đồ sộ indicate the correct answer đồ sộ each of the following questions.

Question 15: Many people and organizations have been making every possible effort in order đồ sộ save _______ species.

A. endangered

B. dangerous

C. fearful

D. threatening

Câu 2:

Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet đồ sộ indicate the correct answer đồ sộ each of the following questions.

Question 7: She agreed that all the present paperwork _____ for everyone đồ sộ have more time đồ sộ socialize.

A. stopping

B. be stopped

C. to stop

D. stopped

Câu 3:

Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet đồ sộ indicate the correct answer đồ sộ each of the questions from 36 đồ sộ 42.

Scientists have uncovered a new threat đồ sộ the world's endangered coral reefs. They have found that most are incapable of growing quickly enough đồ sộ compensate for rising sea levels triggered by global warming. The study suggests that reefs - which are already suffering serious degradation because the world's seas are warming and becoming more acidic - could also become overwhelmed by rising oceans.

The research - led by scientists at Exeter University and published in Nature this week -involved studying growth rates for more kêu ca 200 tropical western Atlantic and Indian Ocean reefs. It was found only 9% of these reefs had the ability đồ sộ keep up with even the most optimistic rates of sea-level rises forecast by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. "For many reefs across the Caribbean and Indian Ocean regions, where the study focused, rates of growth are slowing due đồ sộ coral reef degradation," said Professor Chris Perry, of Exeter University. “Meanwhile, rates of sea-level rise are increasing - and our results suggest reefs will be unable đồ sộ keep up. As a result, water depths above most reefs will increase rapidly through this century.”

Sea levels rose by several inches over the past century and measurements indicate the tốc độ of this increase is now rising significantly. Two key factors are involved: climate change is making ocean water warmer and ví it expands. And as ice sheets and glaciers melt, they increase amounts of water in the oceans.

At the same time, reefs are being weakened by ocean warming and also by ocean acidification, triggered as the seas absorb more and more carbon dioxide. These effects lead đồ sộ bleaching events that kill off vast stretches of coral and limits their ability đồ sộ grow.

“Our predictions, even under the best case scenarios, suggest that by 2100, the inundation of reefs will expose coastal communities đồ sộ significant threats of shoreline change,” said co-author Prof Peter Mumby of Queensland University. This point was backed by US marine scientist Ilsa Ruffner writing in a separate comment piece for Nature. “The implications of the study are dire. Many island nations and territories are phối đồ sộ quickly lose crucial natural resources.”

Question 41: The word "inundation" is closest in meaning đồ sộ _______.

A. drought

B. extinction

Xem thêm: một căn phòng dạng hình hộp chữ nhật

C. flood

D. tsunami

Câu 4:

Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet đồ sộ indicate the correct answer đồ sộ each of the questions from 28 đồ sộ 35.

The xanh rì whale is the largest animal ever known đồ sộ have existed. During the 20th century, the species was almost exterminated due đồ sộ commercial whaling. The species has slowly recovered following the global whaling ban but it remains endangered and faces a number of serious threats including ship strikes and the impact of climate change.

Blue whales are simply enormous with most ranging in length from 24-30 m. The largest ever recorded was a gargantuan 33.5 m long. Females are up đồ sộ 10 m longer kêu ca males. And they can weigh up đồ sộ 200 tonnes. Just đồ sộ put that in perspective: an adult male African elephant weighs 6 tonnes. The xanh rì whale's heart is the size of a small siêu xe and its beat can be detected two miles away. But that's nothing compared đồ sộ their calls. Blue whales are the loudest animals on earth and their calls are louder kêu ca a jet engine: reaching 188 decibels, while a jet's engine hit 'just' 140 decibels. Apart from their gigantic size, xanh rì whales can be identified by their relatively small dorsal fin, a fairly rounded rostrum (anterior part of the skull), and approximately 90 ventral grooves, which reach the navel. They also have row of 300-400 baleen plates on each side of the mouth, which are Đen in color and range in length from 50 centimet in front đồ sộ 100 centimet in back.

Blue whales mostly travel alone or in groups of 2-3. Larger groups of up đồ sộ 60 whales have been reported and are probably associated with feeding grounds. However, the xanh rì whale has the most powerful voice in the animal kingdom and its low-frequency sounds can travel in deep water over hundreds, or even thousands, of miles. Under these circumstances, animals which may appear đồ sộ us đồ sộ be traveling alone may actually be in constant liên hệ with one another.

At birth, a xanh rì whale calf is the largest baby on earth: approximately 8m long and weighing about 4 tonnes. They grow at a rate of 90 kilogam per day and wean after 7-8 months, once they have reached about 15 m in length, and are able đồ sộ follow the normal migration pattern alone. They reach sexual maturity at 5-10 years. This growth rate is astonishing and is probably the fastest in the animal kingdom. From conception đồ sộ weaning, it represents a several billion-fold increase in tissue in just over a year and a half. Like other baleen whales, the xanh rì whale has no teeth ví it is hard đồ sộ tell its age but scientists believe they live until at least 50.

Like other large whales, xanh rì whales are threatened by chemical and sound pollution, habitat loss, overfishing of krill, ship strikes and becoming entangled in fishing gear. Climate change could also have a major impact on its food supply, since global warming and associated ocean acidification may impact krill populations. In addition, frontal zones - critical whale habitats - are projected đồ sộ move further south due đồ sộ climate change. Frontal zones are boundaries between different water masses, where water can rise from the depths, bringing with it large amounts of nutrients that stimulate the growth of phytoplankton and tư vấn substantial populations of prey species for whales. Blue whales would have đồ sộ migrate further (perhaps 200-500 km more) đồ sộ reach and feed at these food-rich areas where they build up reserves đồ sộ sustain themselves for the rest of the year. These longer migration paths could increase the energy costs of migration and reduce the duration of the main feeding season. As frontal zones move southward, they also move closer together, reducing the overall area of foraging habitat available.

Question 29: Which of the following is NOT correct about the xanh rì whale's physical description?

A. It is very easy đồ sộ discover the appearance of a xanh rì whale via its heart beat

B. Male xanh rì whales are the longest in their species.

C. The calls of the xanh rì whale are louder kêu ca those of any animals on the Earth.

D. A small dorsal fin is also the identity of the xanh rì whale.

Câu 5:

Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet đồ sộ indicate the correct answer đồ sộ each of the questions from 28 đồ sộ 35.

The xanh rì whale is the largest animal ever known đồ sộ have existed. During the 20th century, the species was almost exterminated due đồ sộ commercial whaling. The species has slowly recovered following the global whaling ban but it remains endangered and faces a number of serious threats including ship strikes and the impact of climate change.

Blue whales are simply enormous with most ranging in length from 24-30 m. The largest ever recorded was a gargantuan 33.5 m long. Females are up đồ sộ 10 m longer kêu ca males. And they can weigh up đồ sộ 200 tonnes. Just đồ sộ put that in perspective: an adult male African elephant weighs 6 tonnes. The xanh rì whale's heart is the size of a small siêu xe and its beat can be detected two miles away. But that's nothing compared đồ sộ their calls. Blue whales are the loudest animals on earth and their calls are louder kêu ca a jet engine: reaching 188 decibels, while a jet's engine hit 'just' 140 decibels. Apart from their gigantic size, xanh rì whales can be identified by their relatively small dorsal fin, a fairly rounded rostrum (anterior part of the skull), and approximately 90 ventral grooves, which reach the navel. They also have row of 300-400 baleen plates on each side of the mouth, which are Đen in color and range in length from 50 centimet in front đồ sộ 100 centimet in back.

Blue whales mostly travel alone or in groups of 2-3. Larger groups of up đồ sộ 60 whales have been reported and are probably associated with feeding grounds. However, the xanh rì whale has the most powerful voice in the animal kingdom and its low-frequency sounds can travel in deep water over hundreds, or even thousands, of miles. Under these circumstances, animals which may appear đồ sộ us đồ sộ be traveling alone may actually be in constant liên hệ with one another.

At birth, a xanh rì whale calf is the largest baby on earth: approximately 8m long and weighing about 4 tonnes. They grow at a rate of 90 kilogam per day and wean after 7-8 months, once they have reached about 15 m in length, and are able đồ sộ follow the normal migration pattern alone. They reach sexual maturity at 5-10 years. This growth rate is astonishing and is probably the fastest in the animal kingdom. From conception đồ sộ weaning, it represents a several billion-fold increase in tissue in just over a year and a half. Like other baleen whales, the xanh rì whale has no teeth ví it is hard đồ sộ tell its age but scientists believe they live until at least 50.

Like other large whales, xanh rì whales are threatened by chemical and sound pollution, habitat loss, overfishing of krill, ship strikes and becoming entangled in fishing gear. Climate change could also have a major impact on its food supply, since global warming and associated ocean acidification may impact krill populations. In addition, frontal zones - critical whale habitats - are projected đồ sộ move further south due đồ sộ climate change. Frontal zones are boundaries between different water masses, where water can rise from the depths, bringing with it large amounts of nutrients that stimulate the growth of phytoplankton and tư vấn substantial populations of prey species for whales. Blue whales would have đồ sộ migrate further (perhaps 200-500 km more) đồ sộ reach and feed at these food-rich areas where they build up reserves đồ sộ sustain themselves for the rest of the year. These longer migration paths could increase the energy costs of migration and reduce the duration of the main feeding season. As frontal zones move southward, they also move closer together, reducing the overall area of foraging habitat available.

Question 34: According đồ sộ the last paragraph, how does climate change affect the xanh rì whale?

A. It increases the acidity in the ocean, which makes the water polluted.

B. It impacts on the tide which contains a lot of nutrients đồ sộ feed the xanh rì whale's prey.

C. It makes the xanh rì whale travel farther south đồ sộ find feeding grounds.

D. It encourages frontal zones ví that the xanh rì whale cannot move around.

Câu 6:

Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet đồ sộ indicate the correct answer đồ sộ each of the following questions.

Question 13: The speaker fails đồ sộ get his message_______to his audience.

A. around

B. in

C. across

Xem thêm: having finished their work the workers expected to be paid

D. out