# nacl ba oh 2

To balance the equation Ba(OH)2 + NaCl = BaCl2 + Na(OH) using the algebraic method step-by-step, you must have experience solving systems of linear equations. The most common methods are substitution/elimination and linear algebra, but any similar method will work.

### Step 1: Label Each Compound With a Variable

Label each compound (reactant or product) in the equation with a variable lớn represent the unknown coefficients.

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a Ba(OH)2 + b NaCl = c BaCl2 + d Na(OH)

### Step 2: Create a System of Equations

Create an equation for each element (Ba, O, H, Na, Cl) where each term represents the number of atoms of the element in each reactant or product.

```Ba:	1a	+	0b	=	1c	+	0d
O:	2a	+	0b	=	0c	+	1d
H:	2a	+	0b	=	0c	+	1d
Na:	0a	+	1b	=	0c	+	1d
Cl:	0a	+	1b	=	2c	+	0d

```

### Step 3: Solve For All Variables

Use substitution, Gaussian elimination, or a calculator lớn solve for each variable.

• 1a - 1c = 0
• 2a - 1d = 0
• 2a - 1d = 0
• 1b - 1d = 0
• 1b - 2c = 0

Use your graphing calculator's rref() function (or an online rref calculator) lớn convert the following matrix into reduced row-echelon-form:

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```[ 1	 0	-1	 0	0]
[ 2	 0	 0	-1	0]
[ 2	 0	 0	-1	0]
[ 0	 1	 0	-1	0]
[ 0	 1	-2	 0	0]
```

The resulting matrix can be used lớn determine the coefficients. In the case of a single solution, the last column of the matrix will contain the coefficients.

Simplify the result lớn get the lowest, whole integer values.

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• a = 1 (Ba(OH)2)
• b = 2 (NaCl)
• c = 1 (BaCl2)
• d = 2 (Na(OH))

### Step 4: Substitute Coefficients and Verify Result

Count the number of atoms of each element on each side of the equation and verify that all elements and electrons (if there are charges/ions) are balanced.

Ba(OH)2 + 2 NaCl = BaCl2 + 2 Na(OH)

Reactants Products Ba 1 1 ✔️ 2 2 ✔️ 2 2 ✔️ 2 2 ✔️ 2 2 ✔️

Since there is an equal number of each element in the reactants and products of Ba(OH)2 + 2NaCl = BaCl2 + 2Na(OH), the equation is balanced.