excuse me is anybody sitting here

Hello! There is a task lớn bởi some exercises and one of them is :
excuse u, anybody / sit / there
'Excuse u, but does anybody sit there?'
'Excuse u, is anybody sitting there?'
What bởi you think about these questions? Is there any point lớn use Present Continuous because a man who asks this question wants lớn know this place is không tính phí or not and he wants lớn know wheter is không tính phí not at the time of questioning but in general ?

'Excuse u, is anybody sitting there?'* - you would ask this when: a chair is vacant, but you want lớn know whether it is spoken for (claimed). You would put this question lớn the person (or people) you think most likely lớn know [this will require a little common sense] - they may even be keeping (guarding) that place until its rightful occupant returns.
'Excuse u, but does anybody sit there?'** - similar lớn the above, only you're asking whether the empty chair has a regular rightful occupant; someone with an established custom of sitting there.

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*this question is sometimes construed as 'may I sit here with you?'
**this is a somewhat unusual line of questioning.

It may seem strange, but we use the progressive in this context:
"Excuse u, is anybody sitting there?"

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At least I think it's strange, because when you ask that question, you can see that no one is sitting there, or you wouldn't ask. I think your idea is correct; we use the progressive because you are asking about whether anyone is sitting there at in general. :thumbsup:

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We wouldn't say, "Excuse u, but does anybody sit there?" in most situations, in a restaurant or a theater for instance. To u this seems lớn be asking about a permanent situation. I would ask that only if I were asking about a situation that would last over time, if I were asking about a seat that would be assigned lớn someone for school year, for instance.

(Thinking more carefully, I realize I would say "sit here" instead of "sit there", if I were talking about a seat in front of u.)

We would say "Excuse u, does anyone live there?" We can also use the progressive form: 'Is anyone living there?")