ba fecl3

To balance the equation Ba + FeCl3 = BaCl2 + Fe using the algebraic method step-by-step, you must have experience solving systems of linear equations. The most common methods are substitution/elimination and linear algebra, but any similar method will work.

Step 1: Label Each Compound With a Variable

Label each compound (reactant or product) in the equation with a variable to tướng represent the unknown coefficients.

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a Ba + b FeCl3 = c BaCl2 + d Fe

Step 2: Create a System of Equations

Create an equation for each element (Ba, Fe, Cl) where each term represents the number of atoms of the element in each reactant or product.

Ba:	1a	+	0b	=	1c	+	0d
Fe:	0a	+	1b	=	0c	+	1d
Cl:	0a	+	3b	=	2c	+	0d

Step 3: Solve For All Variables

Use substitution, Gaussian elimination, or a calculator to tướng solve for each variable.

  • 1a - 1c = 0
  • 1b - 1d = 0
  • 3b - 2c = 0

Use your graphing calculator's rref() function (or an online rref calculator) to tướng convert the following matrix into reduced row-echelon-form:

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[ 1	 0	-1	 0	0]
[ 0	 1	 0	-1	0]
[ 0	 3	-2	 0	0]

The resulting matrix can be used to tướng determine the coefficients. In the case of a single solution, the last column of the matrix will contain the coefficients.

Simplify the result to tướng get the lowest, whole integer values.

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  • a = 3 (Ba)
  • b = 2 (FeCl3)
  • c = 3 (BaCl2)
  • d = 2 (Fe)

Step 4: Substitute Coefficients and Verify Result

Count the number of atoms of each element on each side of the equation and verify that all elements and electrons (if there are charges/ions) are balanced.

3 Ba + 2 FeCl3 = 3 BaCl2 + 2 Fe

Reactants Products

Since there is an equal number of each element in the reactants and products of 3Ba + 2FeCl3 = 3BaCl2 + 2Fe, the equation is balanced.