ag cuno32

To balance the equation Cu(NO3)2 + Ag = Cu + AgNO3 using the algebraic method step-by-step, you must have experience solving systems of linear equations. The most common methods are substitution/elimination and linear algebra, but any similar method will work.

Step 1: Label Each Compound With a Variable

Label each compound (reactant or product) in the equation with a variable đồ sộ represent the unknown coefficients.

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a Cu(NO3)2 + b Ag = c Cu + d AgNO3

Step 2: Create a System of Equations

Create an equation for each element (Cu, N, O, Ag) where each term represents the number of atoms of the element in each reactant or product.

Cu:	1a	+	0b	=	1c	+	0d
N:	2a	+	0b	=	0c	+	1d
O:	6a	+	0b	=	0c	+	3d
Ag:	0a	+	1b	=	0c	+	1d

Step 3: Solve For All Variables

Use substitution, Gaussian elimination, or a calculator đồ sộ solve for each variable.

  • 1a - 1c = 0
  • 2a - 1d = 0
  • 6a - 3d = 0
  • 1b - 1d = 0

Use your graphing calculator's rref() function (or an online rref calculator) đồ sộ convert the following matrix into reduced row-echelon-form:

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[ 1	 0	-1	 0	0]
[ 2	 0	 0	-1	0]
[ 6	 0	 0	-3	0]
[ 0	 1	 0	-1	0]

The resulting matrix can be used đồ sộ determine the coefficients. In the case of a single solution, the last column of the matrix will contain the coefficients.

Simplify the result đồ sộ get the lowest, whole integer values.

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  • a = 1 (Cu(NO3)2)
  • b = 2 (Ag)
  • c = 1 (Cu)
  • d = 2 (AgNO3)

Step 4: Substitute Coefficients and Verify Result

Count the number of atoms of each element on each side of the equation and verify that all elements and electrons (if there are charges/ions) are balanced.

Cu(NO3)2 + 2 Ag = Cu + 2 AgNO3

Reactants Products
Cu11✔️
N22✔️
O66✔️
Ag22✔️

Since there is an equal number of each element in the reactants and products of Cu(NO3)2 + 2Ag = Cu + 2AgNO3, the equation is balanced.